Camellia Sinensis is a plant that is used to make the beverage tea. After water, tea is the most popular beverage worldwide. Although the exact location of the plant’s first growth is unknown, it is thought that tea originated in northeast India, north Myanmar, and southwest China. We’ve had tea for a very long time. There is proof that tea was drunk in China more than 5,000 years ago.
Millions of people in developing nations and millions of poor families who reside in several least-developed countries rely heavily on the cultivation and processing of tea for their livelihoods.
The tea industry is a major source of income and export earnings for some of the world’s poorest nations. As a labor-intensive industry, it also creates jobs, particularly in rural and underdeveloped areas. Being one of the major cash crops, tea can significantly contribute to rural development, poverty reduction, and food security in developing countries.
— International Tea Day India (@ITDIndia2018) December 12, 2017
The anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and weight loss properties of tea help promote wellness and good health. In many societies, it also has cultural importance.
International Tea Day
The General Assembly decided to declare May 21 as International Tea Day, reinforcing the Intergovernmental Group on Tea’s call to focus more efforts on increasing demand, particularly in countries that produce tea but have relatively low per capita consumption. They also decided to support initiatives to address the declining per capita consumption in traditional importing nations.
The Day will encourage group efforts to carry out initiatives in support of tea’s sustainable production and consumption and raise awareness of its significance in battling hunger and poverty.
Tea Production and the Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 1’s goal of ending extreme poverty, Goal 2’s goal of ending hunger, Goal 5’s goal of empowering women, and Goal 1’s goal of using terrestrial ecosystems sustainably all benefit from tea cultivation and processing (Goal 15).
In order to support the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, it is also vital to improve the tea value chain and increase public understanding of the significance of tea for rural development and sustainable lives.
Tea and Climate Change
Changes in growing conditions have a significant impact on tea production. Tea can only be grown in a small number of countries, many of which will be severely damaged by climate change, and under very specific agroecological circumstances.
“There have bee [reports of] high rates of uncompensated child labor, maternal mortality, unsafe pesticide exposure and malnutrition [among tea plantation workers]”: https://t.co/iMxTK64ZOJ pic.twitter.com/H2hnBn2lCl
— International Tea Day India (@ITDIndia2018) December 22, 2018
Climate change is already having an impact on yields, tea product quality, and prices, decreasing earnings and endangering rural livelihoods with more frequent floods and droughts. As these climate changes are predicted to worsen, immediate adaptation efforts are required. In addition, there is a growing understanding of the necessity of decreasing carbon emissions from tea production and processing in order to help mitigate climate change.
Therefore, countries that produce tea should incorporate climate change challenges into their national tea development strategies, both on the front of mitigation and adaptation.
History of International Tea Day
The pleasant flavor and aroma of tea are the best way to start the day. According to legend, Emperor Nun Shen discovered tea more than 4,000 years ago in China. An adjacent tree’s leaves once blew into a kettle of boiling water that his servants had set over a fire during one of his travels to a remote area. The first cup of tea was created after the Emperor was persuaded to try it by its energizing aroma.
Dutch merchants transported tea to Europe in the 16th century, where it was widely sold as a result of the founding of the East India Company in England. As they say, the rest is history.
“STGs have the ability to produce low cost, high quality, export friendly produce” Mr. Bijoy Gopal Chakraborty, President, CISTA talks about small tea growers and their biggest issues: https://t.co/n9HaVPY3vm pic.twitter.com/xnnTeme7gM
— International Tea Day India (@ITDIndia2018) December 13, 2018
In addition to its flavor and health benefits, tea has made significant contributions to the culture and socioeconomic advancement. Tea is grown in more than 35 countries and provides a living for over 13 million people.
Initiated by trade unions in 2005, International Tea Day promotes a more sustainably produced product from the fields to our cups while also highlighting the health advantages, economic significance, and cultural history of tea. This holiday strives to regulate unfair competition, safety rules, land occupation, social security, livable wages, and women’s rights for all tea workers by bringing together civil society organizations and small tea producers and enterprises.
Conventionally, presentations, public campaigns, and seminars are held. The intention is to tighten the rules governing tea growers’ associations. Tea culture is not only acknowledged as a significant export crop for the nations that produce it but it is also cherished by fans.
How to Celebrate International Tea Day
A Fresh Flavor to Try
Try a new tea taste, like apple or mint, or a whole fusion of different ingredients!
Put on a Tea Party
Gather the crew and throw a tea party! You can make various tea brews or even have a theme, such as a traditional English tea party.
Find Out Who Makes Tea in Your Area
It’s beneficial to understand where and how your preferred tea mix is made. You might choose to switch to a new brand if a company’s rules are unfair to its employees.